A social model group is a micro-ecosystem within a macro ecosystem. The two are actually symbolically linked. In public health, this is called the social-community model, which recognizes the complex interplay that happens between an individual (self), relationships (a network), community (center, organization, or neighborhood), and societal.
Each level is a distinct, interrelated level and has risk factors and protection mechanisms that influence and impact one another. This is why an increase in sustainable results is generated when multiple levels are addressed rather than focusing on any single one.
While we typically focus on an individual change to promote recovery, the social-community model also recognizes the need for advocacy that promotes ecosystem change: norms, values, policies, and practices at the network, organization, and society level. (CSAT paper)
The social-community model also highlights the importance of mutuality and interdependence. Social model programs that do not actively engage the surrounding macrosystem can tend to look like a clique or a cult. Social model leaders suggest that participants who are encouraged to be overly reliant on a particular program are less likely to develop skills needed once they move outside of the “bubble” and into the greater community.